[CnD] 25 Farmer's Market Buys - July 2015

Helen Whitehead hwhitehead at cogeco.ca
Tue Jul 21 11:40:13 EDT 2015


25 Farmer's Market Buys - July 2015

By : Leanne Ely

This is one of my favorite months to visit the farmers market because all of
the things I love (well, almost all of them!) are ripe for the picking.

If you don't know what's freshest and in season right now, this guide will
help. You'll also get the low-down on why each food is good for you, how to
check it for ripeness, and a tip for each and every one.

This list will obviously vary depending on where in the country you live, so
please keep that in mind.

Here's what's in season in July in most parts of the United States



APRICOTS

Health benefits: Vitamins A and C, potassium, copper, fiber, antioxidants
What to look for: Choose apricots with rich, orange-colored skin. They
should be soft to the touch and smell like apricots.
Tip: Try drying your own apricots in the oven or food dehydrator. (If you
turn your oven on its lowest setting and prop the door open, it will
dehydrate your halved apricots in about 8 hours.)

ARUGULA

Health benefits: Zinc, magnesium, calcium, disease prevention, vitamins A,
B, C, and K
What to look for: Larger arugula leaves tend to be more peppery than the
smaller leaves, so you might want to save the larger ones for cooking and
use the milder, smaller leaves for raw salads.
Tip: Your body will make better use of some of arugula's nutrition when
eaten raw and others when cooked. So, it's a good idea to switch things up
from time to time. Some of the compounds in arugula are best absorbed when
paired with fat-your evoo is perfect!

AVOCADO

Health benefits: Anti-inflammatory, carotenoids, vitamins B6, C, E, and K,
magnesium, potassium, folate, fiber
What to look for: Gently squeeze the ends of the avocado. If you have some
give, the fruit is ripe. If it's very soft, it is probably overripe. If it's
hard, it's underripe and needs more time on the counter before slicing into
it. Also, you can pull off the little stem to check the color-it should be
greenish, not brown.
Tip: To store your avocado once it has been opened, squeeze fresh lemon
juice on the exposed flesh and store it in the fridge, wrapped in plastic
wrap. It should be eaten within a day or so.

BEETS

Health benefits: Magnesium, Vitamin C, fiber, folate
What to look for: Choose beets that are heavy for their size, with no
surface cuts or nicks.
Tip: Enjoy beets raw in juice or salads, or you can cook them in a variety
of ways: steamed, stir fried, or roasted. (They are best with a squeeze of
lemon juice and some butter.)

BEET GREENS

Health benefits: Vitamins A and K
What to look for: Select beet greens that are a bright, deep green and fresh
looking. They should not be wilted and limp.
Tip: When you get your beet greens home, give them a good rinse before
chopping them into bite-sized pieces. I like them steamed with a squirt of
vinegar. They are delicious with a serving of fresh fish.

BLACKBERRIES

Health benefits: Antioxidants, fiber, folate, anti-inflammatory, vitamins C,
K, and E
What to look for: Choose blackberries that are black in color, which is an
indication that they're fully ripe. Sniff the berries. If they are too sweet
smelling, they're overripe. If they don't smell like berries, they are
underripe. They should smell slightly sweet.
Tips: When storing blackberries, don't use containers more than 5 inches
deep because the berries at the bottom will be bruised. A 9×13 inch pan does
the trick!

BLUEBERRIES

Health benefits: Fiber, Vitamin C, manganese, antioxidants
What to look for: Look for blueberries with a deep blue or purple black
color and a nice silvery sheen.
Tip: Do not wash your blueberries before you store them. For easy freezing,
spread blueberries onto a cookie sheet and pop in the freezer. Store them in
containers after they're frozen.

CARROTS

Health benefits: Vitamin A, beta carotene, fiber
What to look for: Choose stiff and unbending carrots. If carrots are limp,
they're not fresh. If the tops are attached, they should be fresh and bright
green.
Tip: Remove the greens when storing carrots. Keep carrots wrapped loosely in
plastic in your refrigerator's crisper drawer. New carrots need only be
scrubbed and eaten raw or steamed until tender.

CHERRIES

Health benefits: Anti inflammatory, fiber, vitamins A, E, and C
What to look for: Choose fruit with the stem still attached. The stem should
be nice and green and not wilted. A fresh looking stem is a sign that the
fruit was picked recently.
Tip: Cherries bruise easily, and they are very perishable. Cherries will
only stay fresh in the fridge for a few days, so eat them shortly after
bringing them home.

CORN

Health benefits: Manganese, B vitamins, fiber, antioxidants
What to look for: Choose ears that feel plump. The silk coming from the top
of the husk should be pale golden yellow and slightly sticky.
Tip: Only buy corn if you can find it organic. You'll notice farmers
bragging about their organic, pesticide-free grown corn. Organic=GMO free,
fyi.

CUCUMBERS

Health benefits: Anti-inflammatory, magnesium, manganese, silica, cancer
prevention, vitamins C, K, and B5
What to look for: Choose firm cucumbers with no soft spots.
Tip: Enjoy sliced into salad or chopped up and served alongside spicy curry
dishes.

EGGPLANT

Health benefits: Folate, fiber, potassium, magnesium, phosphorous, calcium,
B vitamins, Vitamin A
What to look for: Don't purchase eggplants with bruises or tan patches. A
ripe eggplant will be smooth with shiny skin. It will be heavy for its size,
and when you gently press its skin, your finger should leave an imprint.
Tip: Sprinkle your cut eggplant with salt and let it sit for an hour, to cut
bitterness. Of course rinse the salt off before using. The skin of an
eggplant is edible, but it may also be removed.

GARLIC

Health benefits: Rich in vitamins, lowers cholesterol, good for heart
health, lowers blood pressure, antiviral and antibacterial, prevents cancer,
and aids in iron absorption
What to look for: Choose smooth, blemish-free garlic bulbs with no sprouting
or signs of decay.
Tip: Garlic burns quickly, so when adding minced garlic to your cooking, add
it in closer to the end, and never toss right into a hot pan or it will turn
bitter.

GRAPEFRUIT

Health benefits: Fiber, potassium, B vitamins, vitamin A and C
What to look for: When shopping for grapefruit, choose unblemished fruits
that feel heavy for their size.
Tip: Even though you're not eating its peel, you should always rinse
grapefruit under clean water before cutting into it. Cutting into fruit that
hasn't been washed can transfer dirt, chemicals, and bacteria from the
surface of the peel to the part you're about to eat.

KALE

Health benefits: Fiber, iron, vitamins C and K, antioxidants,
anti-inflammatory, liver health, calcium, sulfur, digestive aid
What to look for: Leaves should be brightly colored and crisp with no signs
of wilting.
Tip: Toss kale leaves into salads, stir fries, and soups. Juice it, braise
it, and make it into chips. Kale=love.

KIWI

Health benefits: Vitamin C, fiber, antioxidants
What to look for: Ripe kiwi is firm and should give slightly when pressed.
Tip: If your kiwi is underripe, place it in a paper bag with a banana or an
apple, and it will ripen in a day or two.

KOHLRABI

Health benefits: Vitamin C, fiber, cancer prevention
What to look for: Choose firm kohlrabi with no bruising. You can find purple
kohlrabi or light green kohlrabi-of the two varieties, the green one is
sweeter, while the purple has a bit of a spicy kick to it. Young kohlrabi is
tastiest, so look for smaller kohlrabi at the market.
Tip: Kohlrabi delivers different health benefits when cooked and raw. Try
raw kohlrabi grated into a salad or served braised or roasted as a side
dish.

LEMONS

Health benefits: Vitamin C, pectin, magnesium, limonene
What to look for: Lemon peels should be bright yellow and glossy, without a
hint of green. The fruit should be firm, plump, and heavy for its size.
Tip: Choose smooth, thin-skinned lemons for juicing, and bumpy thick-skinned
lemons for zesting.

LETTUCE

Health benefits: Phosphorous, fiber, folate, vitamins A, C, and K
What to look for: Avoid heads with wilted leaves.
Tip: If you've purchased a head of living lettuce, keep it in its original
packaging and wash just before you use it. Enjoy lettuce raw in salads or
juices.

LIMES

Health benefits: Flavonoids, anti-carcinogens, citric acid, Vitamin C
What to look for: Limes should be heavy for their size with a deep green,
glossy skin.
Tip: Squirt lime juice on your salads and into your marinades, or squeeze
some into your daily juice or smoothie to obtain its benefits, rather than
drinking straight lime juice (sour!).

MULBERRIES

Health benefits: Fiber, iron, vitamins C and K, riboflavin
What to look for: Select mulberries that are nice and plump. They should not
be green or pale yellow. This goes without saying, but don't buy bruised,
soft, and bleeding mulberries!
Tip: Before washing your mulberries, put them in a sealed plastic bag in the
fridge, and use within one week. Wash before serving.

NECTARINES

Health benefits: Vitamins A and C, antioxidants, fiber
What to look for: A ripe nectarine will smell good enough to eat! Gently
press the fruit with your thumb and if there's some give to it, the fruit is
ripe.
Tip: Enjoy nectarines raw in salads or grilled for a delicious treat when
served with Greek yogurt.

PASSION FRUIT

Health benefits: Fiber, iron, copper, phytonutrients, Vitamin A
What to look for: In the case of passion fruit, you want to look for fruits
with wrinkled skin as that's an indication of ripeness. Passion fruit that
is hard should be avoided.
Tip: To enjoy passion fruit, cut it in half and scoop out the yummy pulp.
The seeds are edible, but if you prefer, you can strain the flesh of the
passion fruit through cheesecloth to avoid them.

PEACHES

Health benefits: Fiber, vitamins C and A
What to look for: Use your whole hand to gently check if the flesh of the
peach has some give to it (the pressure of your fingertips might leave
bruises). The skin of a ripe peach will look creamy yellow or golden in
color.
Tip: Peaches are good for sweet or savory dishes. They can be eaten out of
hand, chopped into salads, or served atop pork chops.

PEAS

Health benefits: Anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, manganese, protein, fiber,
folate, phosphorous, magnesium, copper, iron, potassium, zinc, omega 3,
blood sugar regulator, vitamins A, B1, B2, B3, B6, C, and K
What to look for: Choose peas with velvety pods that are smooth and firm.
Avoid peas with pods that are yellowish or light green in color. You can
tell how full the pods are by shaking them. If there's a rattling sound,
there's probably too much empty room in that pod.
Tip: I enjoy peas raw, but they are also delicious in soups or steamed and
served as a side dish.

PEPPERS

Health benefits: Vitamin C, beta-carotene
What to look for: Choose firm peppers that sound hollow and are free of
wrinkles.
Tip: As the pepper gets more ripe, it not only has a better taste, but it
also gets more nutritious. Enjoy peppers raw, roasted, or in a stir fry.

PLUMS

Health benefits: Vitamins A and C, fiber
What to look for: Look for smooth-skinned plums without discoloration.
Tip: Eat them while they are at their ripest because not only will they be
as sweet as can be, but they'll also be at their max for antioxidants. Also,
refrigerate your ripe plums. The coolness will be refreshing in the heat,
and they're juicier when cold.

RADISHES

Health benefits: Fiber, vitamins C and K, cancer prevention, folate, B
vitamins, manganese, potassium, iron, magnesium, calcium, copper, zinc,
sodium
What to look for: Choose radishes with medium-sized firm, crisp roots.
Smaller is better when it comes to choosing radishes. Leaves should look
crisp, be in tact, and be of good color. Radishes should not be soft or
wilted.
Tip: Radishes are delicious sliced into salads and eaten raw, but they also
add a nice spice to a pot of vegetable soup. You can roast radishes for
another unique spin. Radish sprouts are amazing in a salad, giving it a nice
peppery heat. Store your radishes in the crisper drawer of the fridge for no
more than one week.

RASPBERRIES

Health benefits: Cancer fighter, fiber, potassium, calcium, lutein,
zeaxanthin, folate
What to look for: Choose fully ripe raspberries-those that are slightly
soft, plump, and deep in color. Avoid overripe raspberries that are very
soft or mushy.
Tip: Raspberries go moldy quickly, so you should eat them the day they've
been picked. Important: Do not wash raspberries until you're just ready to
use them. You can also freeze them to enjoy later.

RHUBARB

Health benefits: Calcium, lutein (good for your eyes and your skin!),
antioxidants, Vitamin K
What to look for: Firm stalks that are crisp and not limp.
Tip: You'll find rhubarb stalks sold at farmers markets and in grocery
stores, usually in two-pound bunches. You'll yield about 3/4 of a cup of
cooked rhubarb from a pound of stalks. Rhubarb is excellent stewed with
honey.

SPINACH

Health benefits: B vitamins, vitamins C and E, omega 3 fatty acids, beta
carotene, glutathione, and an endless list of additional minerals and
phytonutrients. Fights heart disease, macular degeneration, cancer, and
cataracts!
What to look for: Dark green leaves that are not bruised, wilted, or slimy.
The smaller the leaf, the tastier the spinach.
Tip: Get more leafy greens into you by adding a couple handfuls of organic
spinach to your morning smoothie.

STRAWBERRIES

Health benefits: Potassium, iron, calcium, Vitamin C, flavonoids,
antioxidants, fiber, folate
What to look for: Choose organic red berries with no signs of bruising or
mold.
Tip: Freeze strawberries to have on hand for smoothies.

SUMMER SQUASH (yellow squash and zucchini)

Health benefits: Vitamins A and C, folate, fiber, magnesium, potassium
What to look for: Choose zucchini or yellow squash that are less than eight
inches long and firm, with bright skin. Organic is important for yellow
squash!
Tip: Enjoy summer squashes grilled, steamed, roasted, or raw. Fabulous
chopped up in stir fries, or try them grated as well-raw and cooked.

TOMATOES

Health benefits: Cancer fighter, lycopene
How to choose: Choose deeply colored tomatoes that are firm and free of
wrinkles. Tomatoes should smell sweet.
Tip: Tomatoes can be eaten raw, roasted, grilled, or sauteed. Freeze these
summer beauties for later cooking use in the middle of winter.

WATERMELON

Health benefits: Potassium, Vitamin C
What to look for: Choose a blemish-free specimen with a creamy yellow
underside (this is the side it was growing on). The melon should feel
heavy-remember, it's about 90% water.
Tip: Cut leftover watermelon into chunks (removing seeds and rind), place in
a blender, and blend till pureed and smooth. Freeze the juice in ice cube
trays and add to lemonade for a refreshing and colorful drink.





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